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Because the availability of contraceptive methods was poor, abortion was the most common means of family planning.

Through a combination of modernization of the Romanian community, the high participation of women in the labor market and a low standard of living, the number of births significantly decreased since the s, reaching its lowest value in However, the leaders saw the decreasing number of births mainly as a result of the decree issued in that legalized abortion.

To counter this sharp decline of the population, the Communist Party decided that the Romanian population should be increased from 23 to 30 million inhabitants. Abortion and contraception were declared illegal, except for: Contraceptives disappeared from the shelves and all women were forced to be monitored monthly by a gynecologist.

Secret police kept close eyes on operations in hospitals. Sex education was refocused primarily on the benefits of motherhood, including the ostensible satisfaction of being a heroic mother who gives her homeland many children. The direct consequence of the decree was a huge baby boom. Between and the number of births almost doubled, and the number of children per woman increased from 1. The generation born in and was the largest in Romanian history.

Hastily, thousands of nursery schools were built. Circumvention and mortality[ edit ] In the seventies, birth rates declined again. Economic pressure on families remained, and people began to seek ways to circumvent the decree. Wealthier women were able to obtain contraceptives illegally, or bribed doctors to give diagnoses which made abortion possible. Especially among the less educated and poorer women there were many unwanted pregnancies.

These women could only utilize primitive methods of abortion, which led to infection, sterility or even their own death.

While the childbed mortality rate kept declining over the years in neighboring countries, in Romania it increased to more than ten times that of its neighbors.

Many children born in this period became malnourished, were severely physically handicapped, or ended up in care under grievous conditions , which led to a rise in child mortality. The vast majority of children who lived in the communist orphanages were not actually orphans, but were simply children whose parents could not afford to raise them. Dubner make the argument that children that are born after their mothers are refused an abortion are much more likely to commit crimes or refuse to recognize authority when they reach adulthood.

Levitt and Dubner note that Romania was the only east-European communist country with strict anti-abortion and anti-contraception laws at the time, and also the only country whose ruler was violently overthrown and killed at the end of the Cold War.

Most other such countries experienced a tumultuous, but peaceful, transition. There were however[ original research? Revolutions are often observed to come in waves and it is likely that Romania would have experienced it no matter its demographic situation. According to the National Institute of Statistics , the rate of abortions since is as follows:


Decre?ei (from the Romanian language word decret, meaning "decree"; diminutive decre?el) are Romanians born in the late s and s, shortly after the communist regime of Nicolae Ceau?escu issued Decree , aimed at the creation of a new and large Romanian population by restricting abortion and contraception. Product Description. It's the final season of Hannah Montana, the show that redefined television and inspired a generation of young girls. You've been part of Miley Stewart's life for four amazing years and have watched her grow up .

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