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Pre-Roman evidence[ edit ] During mid 19th-century building work near Palmeira Square , workmen levelled a substantial burial mound. A prominent feature of the landscape since BC, the 20 feet 6. Made of translucent red Baltic Amber and approximately the same size as a regular china tea cup, the artefact can be seen in the Hove Museum and Art Gallery. Domesday Book[ edit ] There are entries for Brighton and Portslade Bristelmestune and Porteslage and small downland settlements like Hangleton Hangetone , but nothing for the location of Hove itself.

Hove remained insignificant for centuries, consisting of just a single street running north-south some m from the church, which by the 16th century was recorded as being in ruins. Hangleton Manor is a well-preserved 16th-century flint manor building. It is believed to have been built c. The Manor is currently serving as a pub-restaurant and whilst it was once on open downland, it is now surrounded by the 20th-century Hangleton housing estate. By , the year the Prince Regent was crowned George IV , Hove was still a small village but the population had risen to This isolated location was ideal for smuggling and there was considerable illicit activity.

Hove smugglers became notorious, with contraband often being stored in the now partially repaired St. Tradition has it that The Ship Inn was a favourite rendezvous for the smugglers, and in soldiers were billeted there. In there was a pitched battle on Hove beach between revenue men and smugglers, from which the latter emerged as the victors.

As part of the concerted drive by Parliament to combat smuggling, a coastguard station was opened at the southern end of Hove Street in , next to The Ship Inn. Also at the bottom of Hove Street was the bull-ring. At a bull-bait in the bull escaped, scattering spectators before being recaptured and dragged back to the ring.

This was the last bull-bait to take place in Hove. The fertile coastal plain west of the Brighton boundary had significant deposits of brickearth and by c. Later, other brickfields were established further west, remaining until displaced by housing development. In the years following the Coronation of the Brunswick estate of large Regency houses boasting a theatre, riding schools and their own police was developed on the seafront near the boundary with Brighton.

Although within Hove parish the residents of these elegant houses studiously avoided the name of the impoverished village a mile to the west as an address. Straggling development along the coast loosely connected the estate to fashionable Brighton, so that name was used instead.

Dating from , the Brighton to Shoreham turnpike crossed the north of Hove parish along the route of the present Old Shoreham Road. Although production of coal gas was notorious for the smell it produced, the company acquired land in the fields between Hove Street and St. The process required substantial tonnage of coal, delivered by horse-drawn cart on the unmade tracks in the vicinity, and removal of by-products including coke, coal tar, sulphur and ammonia.

An industrial site such as this, with a tall chimney and two gasometers next to the churchyard was a considerable intrusion on the populace of Hove, but not for still-distant and rapidly growing Brighton, the main centre of consumption. A gasworks built east of Brighton in , and therefore similarly exempt, was supplied by sailing brigs grounding at high tide, the crew tipping the coal down chutes into horse-drawn carts then re-floating on the next tide. This method, inherently dirty and disruptive, would have been used at Hove until the arrival of the railway in By the site had doubled in size and there were now five gasometers, ranging in size from small to large.

Due to spiralling demand a large new works was opened in Shoreham Harbour at Portslade-by-Sea in , and by all gas manufacture in Brighton and Hove had been transferred there.

The Hove site, in a by now primarily residential area, was then used for storage only. About this time, a very substantial and tall wall had been built between the churchyard and the adjoining gasworks. The flat coastal plain had sporting uses too. In the club moved to the present County Cricket Ground, Hove. Two further large estates were developed between Hove village and Brunswick, and both avoided using the name Hove: Cliftonville was designed, laid out and initially developed under Frederick Banister from the late s; [5] and West Brighton Estate in the s.

West of Brunswick, the seafront of West Brighton Estate forms the end of a series of avenues, in numerical order beginning with First Avenue, mostly composed of fine Victorian villas built as another well-integrated housing scheme featuring mews for artisans and service buildings. Grand Avenue, The Drive, and the numbered avenues were developed through the s and s, with many of the buildings constructed by William Willett.

After the armistice, the town established a war memorial committee to decide on commemoration of the dead. Lutyens proposed a similar cenotaph for Hove and went as far as constructing a wooden mock-up which was displayed on Hove Lawns but the committee rejected the design.

The eventual result was a statue of Saint George atop a column, situated in the centre of Grand Avenue. The memorial does not contain the names of the fallen, which are instead recorded on a bronze plaque in Hove Library. Or a saltire azure voided argent ; 2. Gules two pairs of leg-irons interlaced argent; 3. Checky or and azure three martlets or, all in a border ermine charged with six martlets or". The ships of the French raiders who repeatedly attacked the coast in the Brighton and Hove area in the 16th century are represented by the crest.

William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey held land in the Rape of Lewes at the time of the Norman Conquest including the territory covered by Hove; his colours were blue and gold, represented by the chequerboard pattern in the background of the shield. Some concern about the pedestrianisation and its impact supposedly killing trade was expressed by residents, the local newspaper The Argus , and small locally owned shops. However these fears proved unfounded.


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Total 1 comments.
#1 10.08.2018 в 14:08 Mihalich2010:
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